Bullish Candlesticks Patterns That Every Trader Should Know
Trading Bitcoin (BTC), crypto and other assets can be intimidating for those new to the investing scene; and even veteran investors go through bouts of uncertainty where they second guess themselves, trade from their gut, and only truly see the signals an asset was flashing when provided with the benefit of hindsight.
For many new traders the sight of lines, squiggly oscillators, randomly numbered moving averages and blue and green candlesticks are disconcerting as it is hard for the untrained eye to decipher all the data contained within an asset’s chart.
The good thing is, with time, practice, trials and many errors, we all learn how to become better traders and once one understands how to use the relative strength index (RSI), moving averages, the Bollinger Bands indicator, etc. all those squiggles and random colors begin to make sense.
Being able to decipher the meaning behind some of the most fundamental candlestick patterns is also an important skill that can help the novice and veteran traders to confidently know that they are making the right investment decisions.
While the patterns do provide insight when viewed in isolation, they are even more useful when combined alongside a strategy that includes identification of support and resistance levels, analysis of overbought and oversold conditions, using moving averages and other tools.
With that said, here are bullish candlesticks patterns that every new and veteran trader should know.
Bullish Engulfing Candle
The bullish engulfing candle appears at the bottom of a downtrend and indicates an increase in buying pressure.
This pattern often triggers a reversal in trend and it indicates that buyers have entered the market and are likely to drive prices up further. The pattern involves two candles, with the second candle completely engulfing the body of the previous red candle.
This happens when price opens lower on the second day than the first day’s close, but price increases throughout the candle, closing higher than the opening of the first candle. The ideal way to trade this pattern (and any pattern) is to wait for confirmation on the following candle that price is continuing up. Conservative traders do not enter until the next candle closes higher than the price where the second candle of the pattern closed.
Gaps are rarely seen in crypto markets, or candles opening significantly higher or lower than the previous one because there are no breaks in a 24/7 market. Therefore, an equal bottom (shown above) qualifies as a bullish engulfing.
It is important to note that context and placement matter with every pattern. This is NOT valid in an uptrend, and is, in fact, a bearish pattern in that context — it is only tradeable when it appears at the bottom of a move.
Bullish Hammer Candle
The bullish hammer is also a candle that indicates the likely bottom of a trend. It is characterized by a long wick at the bottom with a short body on top. That shows that bears pushed the price down during the time frame, only to see significant buying pressure step in to close higher than the candle open.
Many traders consider a candle a bullish hammer even if the close is slightly below the open as long as there is a long tail and small candle body on top. This is a single candle pattern, but smart traders wait for a confirmation in the change of direction, characterized by subsequent bullish candles and increased buying volume.
Three White Soldiers
The three white soldiers pattern occurs over three candles. It consists of consecutive long green candles with small wicks, which open and close progressively higher than the previous day.
It is a very strong bullish signal that occurs after a downtrend and shows a steady advance of buying pressure.
In general, when a candle is closing with small or no shadows, it suggests that the bulls have managed to keep the price at the top of the range for the session. The three white soldiers appear when buyers take over the rally all session and close near the high of the day for three consecutive candles.
Rising Three Methods
The “rising three methods” is a bullish candlestick pattern that is comprised of three short bearish candles contained within the range of two larger bullish ones.
The pattern shows traders that — despite some selling pressure — buyers are retaining control of the market. For classical pattern traders, the rising three methods pattern often forms as a bull flag or descending wedge — a form of bullish consolidation after a clear move up. This is a continuation pattern of a bullish trend, not the sign of a bottom or reversal.
The piercing line is a two-stick pattern made up of a long bearish candle followed by a long green candle.
A key signifier of this pattern is a significant gap down between the first candlestick’s closing price and the green candlestick’s opening. At the beginning of the trading session, it often appears bearish because of the significant drop during off-hours.
However, buying pressure increases throughout the candle, with a close more than halfway up the body of the first, bearish candle, indicating that bulls have taken control and are interested in buying at the present price.
The Bullish Harami pattern is a reversal pattern that consists of two candles. The first candle (left) is red with a longer body than the accompanying green candle, which, if measured, fits within the body length and price range of the first (red) candle.
When observed on the daily timeframe, the left (red) candle is bearish, whereas candle on the following day is bullish and the price gapped up on this day and refused to move below the close of the previous day. A gap up is the term used to describe when the opening price of the current day is higher than the close of the previous day’s candlestick.
Typically, once can find this setup at the end of a downtrend as the price reaches a bottom and begins to reverse course. Bullish Harami patterns are sometimes followed by the Three White Soldiers pattern.
The Morning Star candlestick pattern is also a signal of a bullish reversal and typically signals the bottom of a downtrend. The set is comprised of three candlesticks with the first (left) candle being a large red bearish candle that is part of the sequence of the current downtrend.
The second candle commences with a bearish gap down and the candle closes below the previous candle. Variations of this pattern can see the second candle be bullish or bearish but it is usually short and representative of a Doji candle.
The following candle (third on the right) commences with a gap up open that rises to the midpoint and sometimes above the close of the very first candle.
Abandoned Baby (Bullish)
The Abandoned Baby candlestick pattern is often seen at price tops and bottoms and can be a relatively reliable indicator when it takes place after whipsaw price action. Usually, in a bullish reversal scenario, the pattern begins with a long gap down from the first candle, which is following the trajectory of the current downtrend.
This candle is followed by a Doji candle that follows the downtrend but with wicks that are below the candles to the left and right of it. The third candle starts with a strong gap up open, which quickly pulls the price above the Doji candle and above the daily open or close of the very first candle in the sequence.
This trend reversal tends to happen quickly and is known for catching traders who are short off guard, sometimes triggering a short squeeze.
The Tweezer Bottom pattern is one seen frequently in the crypto sector, especially with Bitcoin price action. The pattern is comprised of two candlesticks that are nearly the same length and price range.
When signaling a bullish trend reversal the first candlestick is red, indicating weakness, while the following candlestick is green, confirming a change in trend. Both candlesticks have the same (or nearly the same) low and this is shown by the bottom of their bodies being at the same level.
Further confirmation that a bullish trend reversal is in order can be determined when the pattern occurs at market lows, support levels, or key Fibonacci retracement levels.
Morning Doji Star
The Morning Doji star is quite similar to the Morning Star candlestick pattern and both are signals that a bullish reversal is in the making. When viewed on the daily timeframe it hints that the downtrend is weakening and possibly on the verge of a reversal.
The first candle is in a clear downtrend with a long red (or black) body. The second day sees the price drop to create a Doji candle (the star) and traders can interpret this as a sign of trend weakness since sellers are unable to push the price lower than the close of the previous day.
On the third day, the candlestick (green) manages a strong open and typically closes above the middle of the candle from day one.
While there are a countless number of bullish and bearish candlestick patterns and variants of the classics listed in this article, the ones discussed in this article are quite common in crypto charts so it’s important that novice and veteran crypto traders take a moment to get familiar with each one.
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